Objectivity and Subjectivity

There are at least two types of reality, objective and subjective:

Objective reality is concrete, a set of facts outside of any one person’s perception, that encompasses all data. Objective reality is the absolute truth.

Subjective reality is an individuals interpretation, or perception, of this set of facts that exists outside the mind, and is filtered through the mind, senses and cultural conditioning. Subjective reality is individual perception of what we believe to be true.


How objective is our perception in reality? A statement is objective if it is neutral and not influenced by prejudices, feelings and interests. An objective statement is consequently independent of the person who makes this statement.

The objective statement corresponds with the facts. We often tend to view our own perception of things or events as objectively correct. What others think of the same events or things we frequently categorize as incorrect or subjective (perceptive reality).

It’s our perception of the world that shapes our reality, and the absence of certain facts from our collective consciousness can only result in an incomplete perception of reality.

It is impossible to have a complete knowledge of objective reality. In order to do so we would have to know everything. This means we can only have a subjective view of reality, shaped by the bits and pieces of objective reality that we have gathered.

Perception is an aspect of human behavior, and as such it is subject to many of the same influences that shape other aspects of behavior. Perception always involves cognitive processing, which may differ in some ways from one person to another.

Summing-up: We don’t view the world as it really is; we interpret it with our senses and filter it through existing patterns in our brains.

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